For various reasons
not all the children of our state get opportunity to go to the primary schools or
many of them drop out after having registered there. The situation had to be rectified
in order to achieve the cherished goal of universalisation of primary education.
Demand for education also went up after Total Literacy Campaign was successfully
launched in the State in the early nineties. But the demand of the situation could
not be fully and effectively met with formal primary education systems. At the same
time, it was almost impossible to open primary schools at every nook and corner
of the State wherever there were some children not having access to the school.
Therefore, the Government
of West Bengal decided to introduce an alternative elementary education system in
West Bengal, which could reach any corner of the state, cater to the special needs
of the children, less costly, but qualitatively comparable with the formal education
system. In 1997-98 the Education department, Government of West Bengal, took up
such a programme and planned to set up about 1000 Child Education Centres, with
the help of Panchayati Raj bodies. Subsequently the programme was transferred to
the Department of Panchayats and Rural Development, Government of West Bengal.
The Panchayat and Rural
Development Department took up the programme as Shisu Shiksha Karmasuchi, and decided
to set up the Shishu Shiksha Kendras (ssk), wherever there were at least twenty
children not having access to any existing primary school or require some special
dispensation, which are not available in the formal primary schools. Other essential
features of the Karmasuchi are:
Shisu Shiksha Kendras are opened at the initiative of the community
and are owned and managed by them.
Funds are provided by the State Government and Panchayats act
as facilitators only.
It is a demand driven programme; Kendras can be opened in school-less
villages / village with schools which have inadequate infrastructures [in terms
of space and / or teachers etc.]
Curriculum and syllabus as prescribed by the West Bengal Board
of Primary Education Textbooks as prescribed for the formal primary schools.
Classroom transaction on the principles ofJoyful Learning.